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Myanmar (Burma)

Aid and Hypocrisy

Friday 9 May 2008, by Mark Johnson

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Response to the tropical cyclone Nargis, which hit Myanmar on 3 May 2008
has been hijacked by vested interests on all sides, leaving millions of
Asia’s poorest people without any effective aid.

The greatest responsibility rests with Myanmar’s military government,
which failed to warn the population of the cyclone, and has still not
mounted an effective disaster response programme. The country’s huge army and police forces were completely absent from the streets of Yangoon (formerly Rangoon) until two days after the cyclone hit - leaving most of the city’s four million inhabitants wandering desperately through knee high water, trying to contact family members and find something to eat or drink, suddenly deprived of electricity, telephone or drinking water.

Only the City of Yangoon was able to offer some services to the urban poor -with a fairly efficient free distribution of drinking water. The
semi-governmental Myanmar Red Cross also provided some assistance and advice. But overall, the disaster response has demonstrated once again that Myanmar’s junta is arrogant, out of touch and parasitical, and
completely unable to meet the basic needs and rights of the population.
International media and humanitarian charities have rightly condemned this failure to protect.

But the behaviour of Myanmar’s business and middle classes - the main
supporters of the pro-western opposition around their symbolic leader Aung San Suu Kyi, has shown that they are completely unfit to take charge of the country, despite their undeniable popular support. Commercial enterprises large and small jacked up the prices of all essential commodities by 200 to 400% immediately following the cyclone.

With most of Myanmar’s 50m inhabitants - small farmers - living on less than 1 EUR per day, this callous profiteering will have a terrible effect on nutrition, particularly for the very old and the very young - already most at risk from the secondary effects of the cyclone, like malaria, dysentery and water-born diseases.

One of the few public policies that does help the country’s poor - the
provision of government-subsidised petrol and oil, would be abolished if
Aung San Suu Kyi’s pro-western National League for Democracy took power.

Western interests have also exploited the cyclone to advance their own
agenda - opening Myanmar to western investment on the same unequal terms
as in Cambodia, and imposing a more malleable government that would revoke
recent agreements giving China access to Myanmar’s ports. French foreign
minister Bernard Kouchner suggested on 6 May that western powers should
invoke their global ’right and duty to protect’ and deploy military-civil
aid missions without the consent of the Myanmar government. US officials -
coordinating the hundreds of aid workers and journalists now massed in
Bangkok waiting for the green light, have started circulating widely
exaggerated estimates of the number of victims, in order to marshal the
humanitarian charities and journalists behind the US’s aggressive plans
for regime change.

Not that many of the private aid agencies and charities need much
persuading. Closely linked to missionary groups that have been working in
the Burmese border region since British colonial times, and expecting to
receive tens of millions of dollars of easy money when the Myanmar junta
caves in, most of the aid industry is unable to distance itself from great
power interests in the region.

A smaller number of international solidarity campaigns are going against
this depressing general pattern. Buddhist groups across Asia have found
ways to channel support through Myanmar’s monasteries and temples - where
many of the cyclone victims have taken shelter. Others have linked to
émigré and underground student and pro-democracy groups, not all of whom
have been fooled by the US charm offensive and dollar largesse towards the
émigré circles.

The coming weeks will not just witness a struggle to aid the hundreds of
thousands of people made homeless by cyclone Nargis, and the millions now
slowly starving thanks to the combination of regime incompetence, US-led
sanctions and local profiteering. We are also witnessing a struggle to
redefine the contours of Myanmar politics, possibly including the collapse
of the country’s foul military rulers.

*Marc Johnson was in Yangoon when cyclone Nargis hit. He is currently
engaged in aid coordination efforts in neighbouring Thailand.