“Historical materialism elevates the principle of the dialectical relationship between the particular and the general, which reveals the essence of phenomena, to the theoretical foundation of the dialectical understanding of history.”- Leo Kofler, Geschichte und Dialektik
Ernest Mandel wrote this study of the nature of social democracy twelve years ago. Many of the references in it are a little dated, but the article gives valuable insights into the basic character of reformism.
During the world war, revolutionary socialists argued, in the face of huge repression, that the German-Japanese ‘Axis’ and the US-British ‘Allies’ were fighting an imperialist war; and that working people should support neither side.
Ernest Mandel outlines the orthodox Marxist view of the stages of transition after the fall of capitalism.
What do marxists really mean by ’vanguard parties’? How are they built?
The real place of Rosa Luxemburg has still to be located precisely in the history of the revolutionary movement. The disintegration of the Stalinist monolith has meant that, while many have acknowledged her merits, they have hastened to add that "she belongs to the pre-1914 epoch". Ernest Mandel explains myth and reality about Rosa Luxemburg.