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Pakistan

Briefer on Pakistan’s flood situation and Finance appeal by Pakistan Kissan Rabita Committee (PKRC)

Friday 2 September 2022, by Farooq Tariq, PKRC

Incessant monsoon rains and flash floods have devastated Pakistan affecting millions of people and incurring huge economic losses.

The scale of devastation

According to the official figure of National Disaster Management Authority, floods have so far claimed the lives of 1350 people. 1 million houses are totally or partially damaged leaving behind millions in need of urgent shelter. More then 50 million people displaced from their homes.

According to Sindh government report, more than 10 million (1 crore) people are homeless only in Sindh province. Livelihoods are also being heavily impacted – more than 1 million livestock – a critical source of sustenance and livelihoods for many families – have died, of which some 63 percent are in Balochistan and 25 percent in Punjab. Around 4 million acres of crops and orchards have also been impacted, including at least 304,475 acres in Balochistan, 438,274 acres in Punjab, 35,565 acres in KPK and 2.5 million acres in Sind Damage to infrastructure has further worsened the humanitarian situation, as the partial or complete destruction of over 3,000 km of roads and 220 plus bridges impedes the ability of people to flee to safer areas or to travel to access markets, healthcare, or other vital services, and restricts the delivery of aid to people in need.

More than 1,000 health facilities are either partially or fully damaged in Sindh province, whereas 198 health facilities are damaged in affected districts in Balochistan. The damage to roads and bridges has also compromised girls’ and women’s access to health facilities. Provisional data from provincial Education Departments show that at least 17,566 schools have been damaged or destroyed due to the emergency: 15,842 schools in Sindh, 544 in Balochistan and 1,180 in Punjab.

Underlying causes of this flood

Pakistan produces less than 1% of global carbon emissions and yet it is one of the countries that bear the worst consequences of the climate crisis. For the past 20 years, it has consistently ranked in the Global Climate Risk Index as among the top ten most vulnerable countries in the world. Pakistan and other South Asian countries are the climate crisis hotspots.

Impact on farms, farmworkers and their rural workers

The most affected are rice and cotton growing areas of Sindh and South Punjab. Almost half of the country’s cotton crop has been washed away. Similarly mango orchards, red chilli farms in Sindh are also under the floods. There is 85% loss in dates. The cotton crop in Saraiki Waseeb area has been hit hard. The standing sugarcane crop has also suffered damage up to 7% due to floods, despite it being a high water-consuming crop, which shows the intensity of the disaster small farmers and Peasant communities are facing.

In many areas of KPK, specially in the cities of Swat, Nowshera and Charsadda maize and rice crops are washed away due to the flashfloods. The small farmers, farm workers and Peasant communities have lost their lands and animals. Their houses have also been swept away with the flash flood. They are living under the sky without any roof or shelter.

There could be issues on next crop sowing as well. One is land which may take more time to dry. And other is lack of resources facing small farmers as they usually use proceeds from the previous crops to sow the next. They have lost livestock and crops. They are displaced. They would need help from the government and others to invest in the next season’s crop. The other issue could be demarcation of land. As with floods, these are required to be done again altogether.

Immediate needs on the ground and Relief efforts by PKRC

Millions of Pakistanis affected are in desperate need of aid as authorities say they have been “overwhelmed” by the scale of the disaster, with the country’s climate minister calling it a “serious climate catastrophe”.

To ensure the provision of relief and rehabilitation for flood affectees, the government requires over Rs 72 billion. According to the initial tender assessment report, over Rs7 billion is required in cash relief, while nearly Rs 9 billion is needed to provide non-food items, and nearly Rs2 billion has to be spent on medical expenses.

Saving cattle requires over Rs 9 billion, while buying equipment to speed up the relief process nearly Rs5 billion should be in place. Reconstruction of overall infrastructure and around 82,000 homes requires Rs 41 billion, Independent Urdu reported.

Flood affectees need following ration items immediately:

• Clean drinking water

• Dry fuel such as wood, kerosene oil etc

• Dry eatables (As cooked food might perish or be only useful one time)

• Dry milk (for children) and boxes of liquid milk

• Linen sheets instead of blankets and duvets

• Stitched clothes which can be readily worn

• Plastic shoes as stitching of regular shoes is useless amid stagnant flood water

• Sanitary pads (with disposing wrappers) or cloth napkins for female affectees

• Raw food items such as rice, flour, and lentils for people stuck in homes due to flooding outside

• Dry ration such as roasted black chana and dates

• Dry fodder for cattle

• Tents

PKRC and Haqooq e Khalq Party are doing Flood relief work since 29th July 2022 and are in contact with affected communities in South Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan.

We are sending flood relief items, food rations to those who are in need of immediate assistance. Also have arranged medical camps with volunteer work by young doctors.

We need your immediate support, please send your donations to our sister organisation Crofter Foundation bank account. Crofter Foundation is a registered organisation in Pakistan.

Fraternally,

Farooq Tariq
General Secretary
Pakistan Kissan Rabita Committee


To send donations through ESSF

The Crofter Foundation is one of the main partner of Europe solidaire sans frontières (ESSF) in Pakistan and Asia.

We transfer all of the donations we receive to our partners. The activity of our association is entirely ensured by its members, none of whom are salaried in any way. We assume our own operating costs.

Cheques
cheques to ESSF in euros only, payable in France, to be sent to:
ESSF
2, rue Richard-Lenoir
93100 Montreuil
France

Bank Account:
Crédit lyonnais
Agence de la Croix-de-Chavaux (00525)
10 boulevard Chanzy
93100 Montreuil
France
ESSF, account number 445757C

International bank account details :
IBAN : FR85 3000 2005 2500 0044 5757 C12
BIC / SWIFT : CRLYFRPP
Account holder : ESSF

Through PayPal
You can send money through Paypal: see the PayPal button on ESSF English home page: http://www.europe-solidaire.org/spip.php?page=sommaire&lang=en

Through HelloAsso
You can also send money through the association HelloAsso: see its button on ESSF English home page: http://www.europe-solidaire.org/spip.php?page=sommaire&lang=en
Or go directly to:
https://www.helloasso.com/associations/europe-solidaire-sans-frontieres/formulaires/1/widget

You can stay informed via the ESSF website-> regarding the use of the solidarity fund.

Source ESSF.

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